Is gorilla tourism in Africa helping to conserve mountain gorillas and their forested habitats?

Mountain gorillas are listed as critically endangered apes by the world conservancy IUCN due to the few numbers remaining in the wild, said to be less than 900 only living in the limited location of high altitude, (between 1,500 to 4,500 meters above sea level) habitats and ecosystems of the Virunga and bwindi – Mgahinga conservation areas which span across borders of Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic republic of Congo. Currently gorilla trekking safaris and tours are conducted in four national parks of volcanoes in Rwanda, bwindi and Mgahinga national parks in Uganda and Virunga national park in the DRC.

The dense pristine montane rain forests can possibly be trekked with the rise of modern responsible tours and travel in gorilla destinations where gorilla tourism is highly limited to few nature lovers creating less impact on the natural environment and local cultures. Initially when gorilla national parks were being gazetted, conservation strategies were geared towards compensating local communities who could no longer access resources such as wild honey, bush meat and medicinal herbs from the forests.

In Rwanda alone 10 % of revenues from permit sales contribute to community development projects like wise in Uganda 20% of the money has helped people to appreciate gorillas and tourism. Infrastructure such as roads, schools, cultural villages, eco friendly lodges and rearing of domestic pigs, and goats are among the projects owned by local people who directly benefit from sustainable tourism business. Significantly poaching for bush meat, encroachment and human wildlife conflicts have reduced with increased sustainable livelihoods and reduced poverty levels.

On the first part of this page, gorillas are listed as critically endangered apes with 95% DNA similar to humans thus susceptible to contagious human diseases amongst other threats. when it comes to lessons of history, there are doubtless many things Rwanda has learnt from the past genocide in 1994 and civil wars in neighboring DRC’s north and south of kivu province that not only led to loss of lives and destruction of tourism infrastructures but also led to reduction of gorilla numbers destructing the course of gorilla tourism development mainly in Rwanda and DRC during the late 1990’s Whilst Uganda’s gorilla tourism was slowly thriving partly due to relative peace and security.

After the genocide in 1994, Rwanda prioritized tourism as a major economic activity that would bring foreign exchange with the government establishing a well managed tourism industry and conservation policies securing volcanoes national park which has turned out today to be Rwanda’s pride and prestigious tourist attraction overcoming the last 15 years of negative media coverage discouraging travelers to visit Rwanda. As a result of peace and security, good infrastructure and greening of tourism through responsible travel, gorilla numbers in Rwanda’s volcanoes national park have increased as well those in DRC and Uganda due to trans-boundary collaborative monitoring of gorillas by both countries.

Conservation initiatives such as baby gorilla naming ceremony in Rwanda, revenue sharing, vegetable and fruit growing and bee keeping inculcate community ownership of mountain gorillas while revival efforts embarked on aggressive marketing of gorilla trekking in Africa as a high end tourism product has brought gorilla destinations on the world scene compelling many travelers to plan trips to the Virunga region.

As a result of gorilla tourism, habitats and ecosystems have been restored and gazzatted staying under 24 hours of armed protection by rangers saving gorillas from the brink of extinction. Creating employment for local communities involved in the business of tourism who in turn encourage eco tourism through community and cultural tours around gorilla national parks. Consequently gorilla have gained international support since the ground breaking research of legendary primatologist Dian Fossey in the 1960’s, with international conservation bodies such as world wildlife fund, international gorilla conservation group, gorilla doctors setting up offices in gorilla national parks is an indication of how gorilla tourism has helped to conserve mountain gorillas and their habitats as well as development of local communities.

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Underfloor Heating – Worth the Investment?


Heating your home from the ground up is one of the most effective forms of heating that you can possibly have. There are just so many reasons that this type of heating is far superior to other forms of heating and today we will talk a bit more about what makes it so special compared to traditional alternatives.


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Constantly improving technology

Underfloor heating is a heating technology that is gaining popularity at a startling rate and there are certainly some of the reasons for this below. This means that it is increasingly becoming more efficient and also effective. You can easily get some advice on this from or local plumbing professional.

It can be retrofitted

You don’t need to be a building a new home or apartment to benefit from underfloor heating, this is because it can be easily retrofitted underneath your existing floor. This is great for those living in older buildings, but want to benefit from everything that this type of heating can offer.

More room to move

One of the best advantages of heating your floor from the ground up is that there is no need to ever see or even think of your heater other than the controller itself. This is because the heating units are contained entirely under the floor and this gives you more space to enjoy and you do not need to work around heating units as you would with traditional heating.

An effective way to heat

Heat rises and this makes the use of underfloor heating a very effective way to heat, because the room heats from the bottom and the warm air naturally rises throughout the room. This is in contrast to other types of heating that sit in a particular part of a room and heat only from this location and the floor is the last part of the room to be heated due to the rising hot air.

Add a touch of luxury

The fact that the actual floor itself is being heated is an advantage in itself because it is an area that no other type of heating can properly address. This is particularly the case for homes with many floors that are a hard surface, such as tiles or floorboards. Floor heating can drastically improve the comfort and feel of rooms like bathrooms, especially if you live in a very cold area.

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Revive an Old Sofa with Reupholstery

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One thing that we need to accept in life is that things don’t last forever, the sad reality is that we need to let things go when they are beyond repair, but the problem with today’s society is that we are so quick to throw things away and buy a new one. Today I am going to talk about some reasons that you should revive your favourite old sofa by reupholstering it.

Save money

Replacing your sofa can actually cost quite a lot of money and the reality is that the quality of furniture in this age is quite low, it is simply made to be disposable. It is also possible to carry out this process by yourself with a little bit of know how and even with the help of some online tutorials. You can buy all the materials in local stores or online at places like

By reupholstering your furniture you are making an investment into your favourite friend and it can actually be cheaper and generally of a much higher quality than replacing it with something else.

You choose

One of the best things about reupholstery is the fact that you get to choose exactly what colour and style of fabric or leather you will have. Do you remember actually buying your couch but wishing it was a slightly different colour? Well the best thing about reupholstering is that you have a practically unlimited range of options to choose from and you can make your couch suit a new room or other new furniture. On top of this you can make it as cheap or as expensive as you want, the only thing that you really need to do is to make sure that the frame is in a good condition and can be reused safely.

Something old

Have you ever been to a vintage or antique store and seen a beautiful old sofa, with a not so beautiful fabric. Well, something that you probably haven’t considered is that these are usually prime candidates for reupholstery. Generally older furniture has a much higher quality frame and structure and you would simply need to replace the old fabric. These pieces can look really stunning and you can really wow others by breathing life into these vintage pieces that will last another lifetime.


Four Great Ways to Improve Your Garden on a Budget


As the weather starts to get even colder it’s often the garden that goes left unattended. While it may see less use during this season, once the weather warms up you’re left with a garden that’s often unruly. Instead, take some time now with these great tips on giving your garden a spruce up without busting your bank account.


A Good Clean

The power of a good garden clean can’t be overstated, as long as it’s a good clean. Just mowing the lawn and maybe trimming the hedges isn’t going to cut it. Set yourself the weekend and get cleaning. Rip out weeds, remove plants that can’t be revived, clean up the edges and clean out any ponds or water features you have.  While it may seem like a fair bit of work to do during the cold, the benefits you can see when it warms up will be well worth it.

What to Plant?

Given that you’re planting in the cold, it’s best to choose plants and flowers that can grow and thrive in all seasons. Steer away from the expensive and more elaborate offerings and stick with bright, bright, bright! Speak with your local horticulture store and let them know the space and ground you’re dealing with. They’ll be in the best position to point you in the right direction. As long as you’re happy to keep it bright and simple, you will be surprised just how far your dollar will stretch. Best of all, you can get the cheaper ones that will need some time to grow, given that you aren’t likely to be entertaining often during the cold.

The Trick Is the Right Lighting

Often an afterthought of garden maintenance, the right lighting can be the difference between a garden you want to show off, and back curtains that you always keep closed. Instead of expensive lighting options, look for Groupon coupons on a few select pieces of decorative outdoor lighting. Placed in the right area, this is the perfect way to draw attention to those bright flowers you just planted, and steer the eye away from other parts of your garden that you weren’t able to bring back to life during the cold.

While it may seem strange, getting the work done while you have the time and before you want to show off your garden is the best time for it. Not only can you stay active during the cold, when the sun does come back your garden is ready to go while the neighbors are still playing catchup.


Best Uses of Air Friers at Homes     

For all people who want to adopt a healthy way of cooking, the air frier is one of the best options. Touted at the healthy alternative to deep frying, the air frier is a revolutionary device that will satisfy every palette. These days, there are numerous deals on air friers and most of them are for promotional purposes. To get the best deals buy air fryer online. There are some very important benefits of air friers that are discussed in the following few paragraphs.

The biggest benefit of the air frier is the generation of low fat meals. When you use oil for deep frying, there is a lot of oil that is soaked up inside the food materials. Thus, when you consume them, you are inevitably eating high fat meals. Since the air frier does not use oils for cooking, it is considered to be a very healthy alternative.

The food is completely cooked in an air frier because there is hot air circulation from all angles. This hot air circulation is generally done with the help of a fan that is situated beneath a heating coil. When you buy a good air frier from the market, you will get a cookbook or a recipe book that will entail all food items that you can cook using the air frier. Some of the most commonly prepared food items are French Fries, grilled vegetables, chicken tenders, muffins, chips, etc. The air frier is just an appliance that you will need to make some of the most delicious delicacies for your loved ones. By using the air frier, you can make healthy foods that will be loved by all members of the family and friends. You can invite your friends or colleagues for some of the best food items that they may have never tasted before. You may also want to surprise them by asking them the method of cooking.

Most obese people are finding different ways to reduce weight and they are also adopting healthy eating methods such as the air frier method. Initially, most obese people may find the taste of the air frier cooked food a bit dry, but when they get accustomed to the food, they will love it. For some recipes, you can add a tablespoon of oil so that you get the right taste of fried foods. The air frier can be compared to a multi-tasking appliance that can roast, bake, grill and fry. So, when you are buying an air frier from a reputed manufacturer, you will find that it is really very cost effective.

When you buy an air frier from a reputed manufacturer, you will be in the best position to cook multiple dishes in one go. In addition to cutting on fatty oils, you will be in the best position to cook some of your favourite meals in just a matter of a few minutes. There are many appliances that have several pros and cons, but the air frier has very few cons. You can buy air fryer online and enjoy some of the best cooking experiences.



15 Money Saving Tips For Your Wedding Day

There’s so much to think about and look forward to when you’re planning your wedding however there is always that little goblin sat on your shoulder who is reminding you how much everything is costing and telling to keep an eye on your checking account. Well, to shut him up you might want to see the infographic below. This graphic is a brilliant thing to have as it shows you how to keep costs down a bit.

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15 Money Saving Tips For Your Wedding Day is a graphic produced by


Creating the ultimate relaxing garden

A well-designed and serene garden can be a lifesaver in the midst of a busy schedule.  Never underestimate the power of just ten minutes alone in a beautiful outdoor space.  How can you create this ultimate relaxing place?  Despite what some sources might suggest, a good garden should never be a source of stress.  Simplicity and uniformity are the most important aspects.  Follow these four tips and you will be well on your way to the ultimate relaxing garden.


Creating privacy

The first step to your perfect garden is to separate it from the outside world.  Use a trellis or lattice which will screen off your area, while still allowing a breeze to blow through.  Adding a creeper plant, like star jasmine, can help to both decorate the trellis and enclose the space.

Another option is to use a series of potted trees to create a reasonably solid green wall.  Viburnum sinensis, for example, has fairly substantial leaves and, if you start with a one meter tall sample, its height will double within a year.

Walled gardens can feel overbearing at times, but are easily remedied.  Introduce a creeper to camouflage them with foliage.  A leafy background will help the concrete walls fade into the background and create a cozier and more secluded space.

Take a seat

When designing a comfortable and relaxing outdoor area, garden furniture is your best friend.  Your options are endless.  Looking for an outdoors lounging area to entertain?  Choose portable furnishings, such as ottomans, low side tables and oversized cushions.  Want a relaxing and private place to read and nap?  Set up a hammock and place a side table nearby for drinks, snacks and books.  Even if your garden lacks suitable trees, you can easily find a hammock stand from many online retailers.

Make sure to invest waterproof protection for your furniture.  You can save some money by positioning tables and chairs by trees.  However, for an exposed patio invest in a large weatherproof kist.  This can also double as a storage unit for throws and cushions.

Smell the roses

When picking shrubs, flowers and groundcovers, choose a simple color palette of just one or two colors.  This will help to create a more harmonious appearance.  Simplicity is key.  Aim for fullness without clutter.  Frame your more scenic views with taller plants on each side.  You can even add a climbing vine, such as trumpet vine, which will attract hummingbirds and butterflies.  Attached to a trellis, this will create a beautiful visual effect.

Be careful when choosing your plants.  Soothing plants like thyme, lavender and mint can add great texture and fragrance to your beds.  Avoid any plants, such as peonies, that may attract ants and other irritating insects.

And for the final touch…

You can finish off a calming environment by adding a few small touches.  Pick cushions and throws in soft outdoor fabrics.  Be sure to choose colors that match your flowers to help bring the garden together.  Yes that’s right, you need to make sure that your garden

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Fashionable places to go on holiday and also keep fit – The Swiss Alps

Nowadays, busy work schedules and hectic lifestyles mean that the annual holiday is something that everyone looks forward to. It’s a time to relax, unwind and forget about the stresses of modern life. However, holidays can also be a time when health conscious individuals see all their hard work in terms of fitness and healthy eating go up in smoke. That’s because when we’re on holiday we typically eat and drink far too much; neglect our exercise routines; and generally forget about all our worries. Now, there’s nothing wrong with that; you’re on holiday after all right? But what if you could enjoy everything that a world-class holiday destination offers without ruining your healthy regime – intrigued? Well, one such destination is the Swiss Alps. Let’s find out why…



It sounds obvious but walking is a great form of exercise and also a fantastic way to explore a new place. The Swiss Alps especially afford a number of great walking opportunities. Also, don’t think that because you’re walking it means you’ll have to settle for substandard refuges; quite the opposite in fact! The beauty of the area is that it has been being farmed for centuries and so wherever you are there is a very high chance that you’ll be near a quaint village with restaurants and boutique hotels. This is what sets the Alps apart from other great walking destinations like Scotland, Scandinavia or the wilderness of the US.



It sounds like something for the younger generation but actually snowboarding is a fantastic form of exercise, even for beginners. It’s an aerobic exercise that gives you an intense cardio workout and can burn as many as 450 calories an hour. Furthermore, its outdoor nature can benefit your mental health by reducing anxiety and giving you a feeling of general well-being. This is because snowboarding and any exercise for that matter, releases endorphins that make us feel happy. Resorts such as Davos, Verbier and Flims all offer first-class snowboarding opportunities.

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A part of the Swiss Alps near Flims is perfect for family cycling holidays and also offers other attractions like scenic walks and lake swimming. The picturesque cycle rides through idyllic forests are perfect for children to have an adventure and benefit from the exercise at the same time. The ski resort of Flims is now more than just a ski resort and offers a major mountain biking centre also. It features over 330km of trails that are signposted and suitable for all levels of cyclist. There is also tree climbing and rope swinging for children in the forest. The beautiful Lake Cauma is just a short drive from the town and is a wonderful place to enjoy an afternoon swim or picnic.

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So, for a great holiday that affords countless health benefits, the Swiss Alps are a fantastic option. Why not treat yourself to an equally fantastic timepiece that will complement your adventure perfectly such as and really make it a special holiday. The country is renowned for its watchmaking so it can make a strong memento.


Harnessing an early spring in your home

With January now upon us, we’ve been amid winter for some time and some people are no doubt feeling like spring will never come.

The later winter months – with no Christmas to look forward to anymore – can really drag. But why not combat the sometimes negative feelings associated with this time of year by bringing spring forward?

You might not be able to change the season at will – nice as that would be – but you can bring some spring spirit into your home and other areas of your life.

Don’t wait for that spring clean!

Okay, so cleaning isn’t something many of us immediately think of when it comes to a pick-me-up, but the feeling of knowing you’ve rid your home of clutter and mess can be fantastic – even if it does take effort to get there!

Spring tends to be a time that we associate with cleaning up the home and throwing out things that are creating clutter. But why wait? After all, once the weather changes, won’t you want to be out and about, rather than undertaking a mammoth tidy up?

The post-Christmas period can be a time when homes have become particularly cluttered over the festive period, so take action by ridding your precious space of things you don’t need now and invigorating your home by making it spic and span.

Bring in little shoots of the new

Spring is all about things being new and while it will take time before the flowers start blooming and the trees start growing new leaves, you can bring fresh colours and excitement into your home easily, by investing in some great items to re-invigorate your surroundings.

What better way to create a sense of the warmer months than with some floral bedding, like the great options available from Curtains & Curtains, for example?

Changing bedding can create a huge impact, without the need to spend hours making changes in a room.

There are other rapid changes you could make to bring a spring-like renaissance to spaces at home, too, like finally picking out the perfect new sofa, or simply getting different cushions to add new life to your old one!

A new art print can change the way you look at a room, and takes hardly any time at all to hang – why not pick a spring or summer scene, if you’re missing those seasons?

Put a spring in the step of your winter wardrobe

Of course, during January we’ll all still want to wrap up warm in our winter clothes. But even though we often associate this time of year with things being darker in nature, the same doesn’t have to be true when it comes to fashion.

Just because it’s a jumper, doesn’t mean its going to be a dark shade. There are plenty of great pieces of knitwear in summery colours out there that could well make you feel like the spring is closer than the weather would have it! The same is true of all winter wear, from coats to hats and gloves. Dress for winter, but add a twist of sunshine to your style!


Life And Career Tips For Women

Management іn іtѕеlf іѕ а challenging responsibility. But thеrе аrе women whо step uр tо thе role, skilled аnd bold еnоugh tо bе women managers. Women іn management hаvе tо deal wіth specific dіffеrеnt challenges, but thеу саn proved thаt thеу аrе аѕ capable. Hеrе іѕ ѕоmе advice fоr women managers: Yоu don’t hаvе tо bе “one оf thе boys”. You’re а woman, ѕо bе you, bе natural. Men wіll bе uncomfortable bеіng аrоund а woman boss whо behaves “unnatural”.

Women managers whо put оn thе persona аѕ bеіng “one оf thе boys” don’t mаkе іt раѕt middle management. Act lіkе thе woman thаt уоu are. It’s thе mоѕt natural thіng fоr men аnd women tо bе biologically different. Thіѕ shouldn’t саuѕе muсh оf аn issue, еіthеr bесаuѕе bоth men аnd women hаvе thеіr оwn strengths аnd thеу complement еасh others. Men build empires, but women аrе good аt integrating things. Women аrе thе glue thаt join thіngѕ collectively, аnd that’s whаt thеу dо іn thе family. Men function оn whаt ѕееmѕ tо bе а grand scale, but women create harmony.

Whеn people аrе gеttіng along, that’s whеn progress takes place. Give guidelines оf уоur expectations tо employees, but lеt thеm figure оut ways оf accomplishing them. Give уоur people thе freedom tо express thеіr creativity аnd abilities іn accordance wіth company objectives аnd thе tasks уоu wаnt thеm tо gеt done. Thіѕ іѕ thе bеѕt wау tо mаkе уоur team perform thеіr best. Tаkе care оf уоur health. Call thе shots whеn tаkіng charge оf уоur health. You’re paying thе bill ѕо call thе tune оf thе health services уоu get. Dоеѕ уоur doctor gо bасk fоr а refresher соurѕе оnсе а year? If not, find аnоthеr one. Aѕk іf he/she hаѕ studied nutrition.

Don’t gо tо thеm іf thеу answer no. Exercise regularly. Exercise іѕ оnе оf thе mоѕt important thіngѕ tо dо tо kеер уоurѕеlf young аnd live а quality life. Exercising boosts уоur body аnd focusing оn іt improves уоur mind, too. Yоur brain cells mаkе mоrе connections аnd that’s оnе wау оf gеttіng smarter. Bеlіеvе уоu can. Don’t defeat уоurѕеlf bу ѕауіng “I саn nеvеr dо that”. Older women mау ѕоmеtіmеѕ thіnk that, but hаvіng thе courage tо gо bасk tо school оr learn frоm life experiences wіll give thеm thе courage tо bеlіеvе thаt thеу саn dо whаtеvеr thеу wаnt tо dо bесаuѕе thеу can.